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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 316; doi:10.3390/su9020316

The MIMOSE Approach to Support Sustainable Forest Management Planning at Regional Scale in Mediterranean Contexts

1
Research Centre for Inner Areas and Apennines (ArIA), Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Università degli Studi del Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone, 86090 Pesche (IS), Italy
2
Dipartimento di Gestione dei Sistemi Agrari, Alimentari e Forestali, University of Florence, via San Bonaventura 13, 50145 Firenze, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro-Ambientali e Territoriali, University of Bari, Via G. Amendola 165/a, 70126 Bari, Italy
4
Center for Global Change and Earth Observations (CGCEO), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
5
Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Forestali, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy
6
Dipartimento di Agraria, Università Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Contrada Melissari, Loc. Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jose G. Borges
Received: 19 December 2016 / Revised: 15 February 2017 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Support for Forest Ecosystem Management Sustainability)
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Abstract

In recent decades, Mediterranean landscapes have been affected by human-induced drivers, such as land use and climate change. Forest ecosystems and landscapes have been particularly affected in mountainous regions due to limited management and stewardship, especially in remote areas. Therefore, there is a need to set up new strategies to enhance ecosystem services in forested areas which, in turn, will benefit local communities and economies. In this study, we implemented a new approach—Multiscale Mapping of Ecosystem Services (MIMOSE)—to assess ecosystem services in Mediterranean forests located in a mountainous region of Italy. We spatially assessed timber provision and carbon sequestration according to three forest management strategies: business-as-usual, maximizing economic values, and prioritizing conservation. Sustainable strategies for forest planning were identified at the landscape scale. We found that (i) timber provision is a conflicting service, especially when adaptation strategies are promoted; (ii) the most balanced set of forest ecosystem services is achieved through prioritizing conservation; and (iii) the ecosystem services availability is enhanced by optimizing the spatial allocation of different management strategies. Our approach is suitable to support landscape planning for balancing forest ecosystem potentialities while respecting local community needs and promoting sustainable development goals in the Mediterranean area. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon storage and sequestration; forest ecosystem services; forest management planning; MIMOSE; total ecosystem services value; wood production carbon storage and sequestration; forest ecosystem services; forest management planning; MIMOSE; total ecosystem services value; wood production
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vizzarri, M.; Sallustio, L.; Travaglini, D.; Bottalico, F.; Chirici, G.; Garfì, V.; Lafortezza, R.; La Mela Veca, D.S.; Lombardi, F.; Maetzke, F.; Marchetti, M. The MIMOSE Approach to Support Sustainable Forest Management Planning at Regional Scale in Mediterranean Contexts. Sustainability 2017, 9, 316.

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