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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 167; doi:10.3390/su9020167

Efficiency Allocation of Provincial Carbon Reduction Target in China’s “13·5” Period: Based on Zero-Sum-Gains SBM Model

1,2,* , 2
and
2,3
1
College of Accounting, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, Nanjing 210046, China
2
College of Economics and Management, Research Institute of Financial Development, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
3
College of Economics and Management, Huainan Normal University, Huainan 232038, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongrok Choi, Malin Song and Seunghwan Myeong
Received: 18 November 2016 / Revised: 12 January 2017 / Accepted: 17 January 2017 / Published: 24 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [736 KB, uploaded 24 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Firstly, we introduce the “Zero Sum Gains” game theory into the SBM (Slacks-based Measure) model, and establish the ZSG-SBM model. Then, set up 4 development scenarios for the China’s economic system in “13·5” (The Chinese government formulates a Five-Year Planning for national economic and social development every five years, “13·5” means 2016 to 2020.) period through two dimensions as economic growth and energy consumption structure, and make the efficient allocation in provincial level of carbon reduction target by using the above ZSG-SBM model based on the China’s overall carbon reduction constraint (18%) which is set in “13·5” planning. Finally, we analyze the provincial development path of low-carbon economy by comparing the economic development status with the allocated result of carbon reduction target. Results show that: After the ZSG-SBM model being applied to the efficiency allocation of carbon emission, the input and output indicators of the 30 provinces realize the effective allocation, and the carbon emission efficiency reaches the efficiency frontier. The equity-oriented administrative allocation scheme of government will bring about efficiency loss in a certain degree, and the efficiency allocation scheme, based on the ZSG-SBM model, fits better with the long-term development requirement of low-carbon economy. On the basis of carbon intensity constraint, the re-constraint of energy intensity will force the provinces to optimize their energy consumption structure, thereby enhancing the overall carbon emission efficiency of China. Sixteen provinces’ allocation results of carbon reduction target are above China’s average (18%) in “13·5” period, all the provinces should select appropriate development path of low-carbon economy according to the status of their resource endowment, economic level, industrial structure and energy consumption structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZSG-SBM model; carbon reduction target; efficiency allocation; low-carbon economy ZSG-SBM model; carbon reduction target; efficiency allocation; low-carbon economy
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Guo, W.; Sun, T.; Dai, H. Efficiency Allocation of Provincial Carbon Reduction Target in China’s “13·5” Period: Based on Zero-Sum-Gains SBM Model. Sustainability 2017, 9, 167.

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