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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2364; doi:10.3390/su9122364

Landscape Optimization in a Highly Urbanized Tourism Destination: An Integrated Approach in Nanjing, China

1
Department of Tourism Management, College of Humanities, Jinling Institute of Technology, Nanjing 210038, China
2
Department of Tourism, Recreation & Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-8208, USA
3
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Planning and developing urban tourism destinations must encompass landscape optimization to achieve healthy urban ecosystems, as well as for evolution sustainability. This study explored sustainable landscape planning by examining the optimization of landscape spatial distribution in an urban tourism destination–Nanjing, China—using an integrated approach that included remote sensing (RS), geographic information system (GIS), and landscape metrics in the context of an urban tourism destination evolution model. Least-cost modeling in GIS was also used to optimize decision-making from an ecological perspective. The results indicated that landscapes were more homogenous, fragmented, and less connected. Except for the eastern area, the landscape evolution showed characteristics of both degeneration and growth. A complete greenway network including sources, greenways, and nodes were constructed, and an increase in natural landscapes was strongly recommended. The findings provide geographic insights for sustainable urban tourism planning and development via comprehensive methodological applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism destination planning; landscape evolution; urbanization; integrated approach; greenways tourism destination planning; landscape evolution; urbanization; integrated approach; greenways
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Chen, L.; Thapa, B.; Kim, J.; Yi, L. Landscape Optimization in a Highly Urbanized Tourism Destination: An Integrated Approach in Nanjing, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2364.

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