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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2261; doi:10.3390/su9122261

Retailer’s Procurement Strategy under Endogenous Supply Stability

School of Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1037 Luoyu East Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430074, China
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Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 December 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue How Retailers Could Contribute to Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

In this paper, a dynamic model is presented to study retailer’s procurement strategy when supply stability is endogenously determined. The optimal supply stability as well as the optimal purchasing strategy are characterized with a quadratic cost function. Based on these models, the following findings are brought about. Firstly, when the difficulty level of building supply stability exceeds a certain threshold, it would be more profitable for the retailer to choose a less reliable supplier. Secondly, given that the suppliers can get positive profit, the retailer would choose the one who has the strongest ability to be reliable. Thirdly, the equilibrium supply to the retailer would always meet the demand on the retailing market. Finally, emergency procurement is shown to be an effective way to reduce the risk of supply chain disruptions. To better fit the real situations, an extended model which considers the impact of the stability on costs is further discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain disruption; endogenous supply stability; procurement strategy; emergency procurement; risk management supply chain disruption; endogenous supply stability; procurement strategy; emergency procurement; risk management
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Feng, C.; Wang, Z.; Jiang, Z. Retailer’s Procurement Strategy under Endogenous Supply Stability. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2261.

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