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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2244; doi:10.3390/su9122244

Energy Toolbox—Framework for the Development of a Tool for the Primary Design of Zero Emission Buildings in European and Asian Cities

1
Institute of Natural Resource Sciences, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Grüental, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
2
Oberortweg 6, 8804 Au, Switzerland
3
Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, SungKyunKwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 440-746, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2017 / Revised: 26 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2120 KB, uploaded 5 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper discusses the framework for the development of an Energy Toolbox (ETB). The aim of the ETB is to support the design of domestic Zero Emission Buildings (ZEBs), according to the concept of net zero-energy buildings during the early architectural design and planning phases. The ETB concept is based on the calculation of the energy demand for heating, cooling, lighting, and appliances. Based on a building’s energy demand, technologies for the onsite conversion and production of the specific forms and quantities of final and primary energy by means of renewable energy carriers can be identified. The calculations of the ETB are based on the building envelope properties of a primary building design, as well as the physical and climate parameters required for the calculation of heat transfer coefficients, heat gains, and heat losses. The ETB enables the selection and rough dimensioning of technologies and systems to meet, and, wherever possible, reduce the thermal and electric energy demand of a building. The technologies included comprise green facades, adaptable dynamic lighting, shading devices, heat pumps, photovoltaic generators, solar thermal collectors, adiabatic cooling, and thermal storage. The ETB facilitates the balancing of the energy consumption and the production of renewable energies of a primary building design. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zero Emission Buildings; Net Zero-Energy Building; Net Plus-Energy Buildings; Passive House; renewable energy; building integration; energy toolbox; simulation tool Zero Emission Buildings; Net Zero-Energy Building; Net Plus-Energy Buildings; Passive House; renewable energy; building integration; energy toolbox; simulation tool
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Koller, C.; Talmon-Gros, M.J.; Junge, R.; Schuetze, T. Energy Toolbox—Framework for the Development of a Tool for the Primary Design of Zero Emission Buildings in European and Asian Cities. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2244.

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