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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2207; doi:10.3390/su9122207

Climate Changes and Their Impact on Agricultural Market Systems: Examples from Nepal

1
Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern, Hallerstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
2
HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Jhamshikhel, Dhobi Ghat, Lalitpur, GPO Box 688, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
3
HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Av. Julius Nyerere No. 1213, Maputo, Mozambique
4
HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Weinbergstrasse 24, 8001 Zürich Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2017 / Revised: 22 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 29 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2454 KB, uploaded 29 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Global climate models foresee changes in temperature and precipitation regimes that shift regional climate zones and influence the viability of agricultural market systems. Understanding the influence of climate change on the different sub-sectors and functions of a market system is crucial to increasing the systems’ climate resilience and to ensuring the long-term viability of the sectors. Our research applies a new approach to climate change analysis to better understand the influence of climate change on each step of an agricultural market system—on its core (processing units, storage facilities and sales) and support functions (sapling supply, research, insurance and agricultural policy). We use spatial climate analyses to investigate current and projected changes in climate for different regions in Nepal. We then analyse the risks and vulnerabilities of the sub-sectors banana, charcoal, coffee, macadamia, orange, vegetables and walnut. Our results show that temperatures and precipitation levels will change differently depending on the climatic regions, and that climate change elicits different responses from the market functions both between and within each of the different sub-sectors. We conclude that climate-related interventions in market systems must account for each different market function’s specific response and exposure to climate change, in order to select adaptation measures that ensure long-term climate resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; agriculture; climate change; food security; market systems; Nepal adaptation; agriculture; climate change; food security; market systems; Nepal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barrueto, A.K.; Merz, J.; Clot, N.; Hammer, T. Climate Changes and Their Impact on Agricultural Market Systems: Examples from Nepal. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2207.

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