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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1831; doi:10.3390/su9101831

Research on Climate Change Policies and Rural Development in Latin America: Scope and Gaps

1
Agricultural Research for Development, CIRAD, 34398 Montpellier, France
2
Center for International Forestry Research, CIFOR, 12 Lima, Peru
3
Center for Climate and Resilience Research (CR2), Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, University of Chile, 8820000 Santiago, Chile
4
International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 76520000 Cali, Colombia
5
Center for Sustainable Development, University of Brasília, 70910-900 Brasilia, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 2 October 2017 / Accepted: 2 October 2017 / Published: 12 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Research on climate change policies can contribute to policy development by building an understanding of the barriers faced in policy processes, and by providing knowledge needed throughout policy cycles. This paper explores the thematic coverage of research on climate change policies related to rural areas, rural development, and natural resource management in Latin America. A three-tier framework is proposed to analyse the selected literature. The results show that research studies have focussed on the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from forests, and adaptations to climate change in agriculture. There is little policy research on other vulnerable sectors (e.g., water and health) and emitting sectors (e.g., energy and industry) in the context of rural development. Our analysis highlights the various research gaps that deserve increased scientific attention, including: cross-sector approaches, multi-level governance, and the stages of policy adoption, implementation and evaluation. In addition, the selected literature has a limited contribution to theoretical discussions in policy sciences. View Full-Text
Keywords: policy research; adaptation; mitigation; natural resources; forest; agriculture policy research; adaptation; mitigation; natural resources; forest; agriculture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Locatelli, B.; Aldunce, P.; Fallot, A.; Le Coq, J.-F.; Sabourin, E.; Tapasco, J. Research on Climate Change Policies and Rural Development in Latin America: Scope and Gaps. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1831.

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