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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1695; doi:10.3390/su9101695

Community Participation in the Decision-Making Process for Sustainable Tourism Development in Rural Areas of Hong Kong, China

1
Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Social Sciences, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 22 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [368 KB, uploaded 22 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Examining the extent to which a community plays a role in the decision-making process in tourism planning can provide a better understanding of how tourism can benefit a community. Arnstein’s ladder of citizen participation (ALCP) has been adopted by tourism scholars to understand both the nature of the participation expected of the community and the community’s actual participation in tourism development. However, the literature on tourism development and community involvement is underdeveloped in the context of urban tourism, and few studies have attempted to identify the differences between the expected and actual participation of local residents. Identifying this gap reveals the reasons behind it and generates possible suggestions and solutions. The level of community participation of Tai O residents has been assessed by employing Arnstein’s framework. The results indicated the difference between the level of local residents’ expected and actual participation in tourism development. The reasons for the difference are identified, and suggestions for improvement are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arnstein; citizen participation level; tourism planning; community participation; sustainable tourism development; Hong Kong Arnstein; citizen participation level; tourism planning; community participation; sustainable tourism development; Hong Kong
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mak, B.K.L.; Cheung, L.T.O.; Hui, D.L.H. Community Participation in the Decision-Making Process for Sustainable Tourism Development in Rural Areas of Hong Kong, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1695.

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