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Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 154; doi:10.3390/su9010154

Land Suitability Assessment for Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) Development in Chile

1
Agroenergía Ingeniería Genética S.A. Inc. Almirante Lynch 1179, San Miguel, 8920033 Santiago, Chile
2
Department of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Chile, Santa Rosa 11,315, La Pintana, 8820808 Santiago, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael Wachendorf and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 30 October 2016 / Revised: 16 January 2017 / Accepted: 16 January 2017 / Published: 21 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Energy Conversion)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2304 KB, uploaded 21 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) is an oilseed with potential for use as a raw material in second-generation biofuels. Camelina has a seed yield of up to 2380 kg·ha−1 and contains around 45% fatty acids. Selection of a suitable site is critical for production optimization. The objective of this study was to determine Chilean agro-climatic suitability for establishing camelina as a productive alternative. Climate and soil requirements and geographical restraints were evaluated for the species, considering the climatological characteristics of its regions of origin, as well as regions where camelina is successfully grown in the rest of the world. The variables considered included factors (maximum temperatures of the warmest month, water deficits, and degree days) and limitations (altitude, geomorphology, and current land use), which permitted the evaluation of the national territory for a certain level of suitability. It was determined that 1.3% of the national territory (960,664 ha) has some degree of suitability for camelina adoption. Between the Biobío and Los Lagos regions, 49.0% of the land (471,203 ha) is in the category of no thermic restrictions, with mild water restrictions, and mild soil restrictions or without information, which can be used for camelina production. The Los Ríos region has 21.4% surface area (321,176 ha) with some level of suitability for camelina, the most suitable region to establish this crop in Chile. This research has provided valuable information applicable to new species and geographic areas which facilitate the adaptation of agricultural and forestry production to global changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioenergy; Camelina sativa; energy crops; agro-climatic suitability; biodiesel bioenergy; Camelina sativa; energy crops; agro-climatic suitability; biodiesel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Román-Figueroa, C.; Padilla, R.; Uribe, J.M.; Paneque, M. Land Suitability Assessment for Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) Development in Chile. Sustainability 2017, 9, 154.

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