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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 947; doi:10.3390/su8090947

Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication

1
School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 21 July 2016 / Revised: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 13 September 2016 / Published: 16 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3335 KB, uploaded 16 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Resource depletion and environmental degradation have become serious challenges for China’s sustainable development. This paper constructs indicators to assess China’s green economy performance and green productivity growth, in which economic expansion, resource conservation and environmental protection need to be incorporated simultaneously. For this purpose, we combine non-radial directional distance function and meta-frontier Malmquist productivity to develop the indicators. The methodology also allows for the decomposition of driving forces of China’s green economy. Moreover, the dataset employed in this paper allows for the evaluation of 275 cities in China during the period 2003–2012. The main findings are as follows. First, most of China’s cities did not perform efficiently in terms of the green economy, with an average score of only 0.233. Second, the growth rate of green productivity is slower than real GDP, and the green productivity growth in China is only moderate. Third, innovation is the main driving force of China’s green productivity growth, but the central region lags behind when it comes to green innovation. Fourth, artificial local protectionism and transport limitations impede the progress of cities that perform ineffectively in the green economy. Based on our empirical findings, we provide policy implications and suggestions for enhancing China’s green economy performance and productivity growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: green economy performance; green productivity growth; driving forces; city panel data; China green economy performance; green productivity growth; driving forces; city panel data; China
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Li, J.; Lin, B. Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication. Sustainability 2016, 8, 947.

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