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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 931; doi:10.3390/su8090931

Mandatory Targets and Environmental Performance: An Analysis Based on Regression Discontinuity Design

1,†
,
2,†
and
3,*
1
School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
John Glenn College of Public Affairs, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 2 July 2016 / Revised: 8 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 13 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1402 KB, uploaded 13 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

It is a critical question for environmental governance to examine whether the administrative award and punishment measures are effective in promoting environmental governance performance. Choosing the implementation of a mandatory target system (MTS) as the subject, this paper employs a fixed-effect panel data model and regression discontinuity design to test whether the MTS has improved the environmental governance performance of local governments in China. The results of this research demonstrate that the MTS has a positive effect on environmental performance, however the regression discontinuity design illustrates that the reward and punishment measures in the MTS have no significant effects on the provincial environmental performance. The results of this research provide a reasonable explanation to the existing gaps among the studies on the effectiveness of the MTS. This study has profound policy implications for the design and implementation of the environmental governance system in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: mandatory targets; environmental performance; administrative award and punishment measures mandatory targets; environmental performance; administrative award and punishment measures
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tang, X.; Liu, Z.; Yi, H. Mandatory Targets and Environmental Performance: An Analysis Based on Regression Discontinuity Design. Sustainability 2016, 8, 931.

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