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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 868; doi:10.3390/su8090868

Spatial Determinants of Urban Land Expansion in Globalizing Nanjing, China

1
Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
2
Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative and Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University, Kaifeng 45001, China
3
Department of Geography, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9155, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vida Maliene
Received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 17 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 29 August 2016
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Abstract

This paper proposes a cost-benefit framework to address the role of parcel and neighborhood conditions, as well as government policies, and investigates the spatial determinants of urban land expansion in Nanjing, one of the sub-centers of the Yangtze River Delta (YRD). Using spatial regression models, we find the significance of the economy of scale, agglomeration, accessibility, and government policies in Nanjing’s urban growth. In the earlier stage, urban expansion in Nanjing was mainly driven by the development of infrastructure. Since entering the 21st century, the emerging commercial and industrial sub-centers have become the major centers of growth, which has changed Nanjing’s spatial structure from compact monocentric to a polycentric one. We also highlight the importance of government policies that have been strengthened by various national strategies, including the “New-type Urbanization” and “Beautiful China” strategies. Different from cities in the Pearl River Delta, Nanjing has a more significant top-down process in its development, which indicates that the municipal government of Nanjing is playing a more important role in urban growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban land expansion; spatial determinant; cost-benefit analysis; spatial regression model; Nanjing; China urban land expansion; spatial determinant; cost-benefit analysis; spatial regression model; Nanjing; China
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Chen, J.; Gao, J.; Yuan, F.; Wei, Y.D. Spatial Determinants of Urban Land Expansion in Globalizing Nanjing, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 868.

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