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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 858; doi:10.3390/su8090858

Underperformance of Planning for Peri-Urban Rural Sustainable Development: The Case of Mentougou District in Beijing

1,2,3
,
1,2,3,* , 4
,
1,2,3
and
5
1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4
Beijing Urban Development Research Institute, Beijing 100801, China
5
Beijing Rural Economic Research Center, Beijing 100192, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 12 August 2016 / Accepted: 17 August 2016 / Published: 27 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6841 KB, uploaded 27 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

As the basic cell of social structures and spatial units, rural settlement is now experiencing profound changes through the rapid urbanization process underway in China, particularly in peri-urban areas which serve as the main platform and battlefield for urban–rural integration in China’s latest round of new urbanization. Therefore, how to achieve better planning for rural settlement in peri-urban areas is becoming a pressing and paramount research agenda. This paper attempts to explore the possible reasons for the underperformance of planning practice for rural settlement in peri-urban areas of China by taking the Mentougou district of Beijing as a case study. Following a quick and comprehensive review of planning in Mentougou district, a systematic and critical evaluation is then conducted accordingly. It shows that the plans generally play a positive role in development orientation and implementation. Yet, there is still a lot of room for improvement, particularly in the following aspects: (1) lack of initiative and innovation at the local level; (2) lack of long-term vision and consistent implementation; (3) lack of rationale-oriented approach; (4) lack of scientific and in-depth research; (5) lack of multi-stakeholder participation. As a way forward, this paper thus proposes a revised planning scheme for local practice, including classification of typologies and the customized planning design for each typology. At last, this paper calls for more in-depth scientific research on some key topics in the planning field, domestically and internationally. View Full-Text
Keywords: planning underperformance; peri-urban; rural sustainable development; Mentougou district; Beijing planning underperformance; peri-urban; rural sustainable development; Mentougou district; Beijing
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Lin, J.; Cai, J.; Han, F.; Han, Y.; Liu, J. Underperformance of Planning for Peri-Urban Rural Sustainable Development: The Case of Mentougou District in Beijing. Sustainability 2016, 8, 858.

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