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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 848; doi:10.3390/su8090848

Living in Harmony with Disaster: Exploring Volcanic Hazard Vulnerability in Indonesia

1
Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea
2
Department of Landscape Architecture, Urban Design Concentration, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 29 May 2016 / Revised: 23 August 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9358 KB, uploaded 26 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

This article illustrates the multi-faceted notion of hazard vulnerability and the complicated relations a community has with a hazardous area based on a joint urban planning and design studio between Seoul National University and Diponegoro University in 2014. The study focused on an area in Central Java, Indonesia, surrounded by four active volcanic mountains, and explored the economic, environmental and social vulnerability associated with the site. Although initially the study focused on drawing up and improving the relocation plan, it was soon discovered that eliminating environmental vulnerability by relocating residents to new sites may in fact increase their economic vulnerability. This led the study to embrace the concept of living in harmony with disaster. In conclusion, the results of the study are discussed in terms recognizing environmental hazards as a vehicle for understanding local perceptions, and utilizing these perceptions to suggest mitigation measures that are more responsive to the site at risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: hazard vulnerability; mitigation; community resilience; localized knowledge hazard vulnerability; mitigation; community resilience; localized knowledge
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cho, S.E.; Won, S.; Kim, S. Living in Harmony with Disaster: Exploring Volcanic Hazard Vulnerability in Indonesia. Sustainability 2016, 8, 848.

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