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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 855; doi:10.3390/su8090855

Natural Ventilation Building Design Approach in Mediterranean Regions—A Case Study at the Valencian Coastal Regional Scale (Spain)

1
Hydraulic Engineering and Environment Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 València, Spain
2
Physic Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 València, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joanne Patterson and Derek Sinnott
Received: 27 July 2016 / Revised: 18 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 29 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4585 KB, uploaded 29 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Environmental awareness has led to an increased concern about low carbon technologies implementation. Among these technologies, the following research is focused on the natural ventilation effect evaluation in buildings prior to its construction. The aim is to select the most suitable architectural solution to ensure comfortable indoor environment in the most efficient way in the early building design stage. The design approach takes into account the wind conditions in the region and the building surroundings to evaluate the façade opening distribution impact on natural ventilation performance. The design approach is based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In this article, a case study located in the Valencian Community (Spain) is depicted. The Valencian Community coastal climatic conditions are evaluated to assess the low carbon technology energy saving potential. Moreover, the main drivers and barriers involved in the design approach implementation in the region are discussed. The conclusions show that the natural ventilation design approach can improve up to 9.7% the building energy performance respect an initial building design, in which natural ventilation has not been considered. The results contribute to an assessment of the complete low carbon technology effect in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: low carbon technologies; energy efficient buildings; natural ventilation; wind energy; computational fluid dynamics low carbon technologies; energy efficient buildings; natural ventilation; wind energy; computational fluid dynamics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mora-Pérez, M.; Guillen-Guillamón, I.; López-Patiño, G.; López-Jiménez, P.A. Natural Ventilation Building Design Approach in Mediterranean Regions—A Case Study at the Valencian Coastal Regional Scale (Spain). Sustainability 2016, 8, 855.

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