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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 846; doi:10.3390/su8090846

Impacts of FDI Renewable Energy Technology Spillover on China’s Energy Industry Performance

1
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
Management School, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5EE, UK
3
School of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5AH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 16 July 2016 / Revised: 18 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 29 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Environmental friendly renewable energy plays an indispensable role in energy industry development. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in advanced renewable energy technology spillover is promising to improve technological capability and promote China’s energy industry performance growth. In this paper, the impacts of FDI renewable energy technology spillover on China’s energy industry performance are analyzed based on theoretical and empirical studies. Firstly, three hypotheses are proposed to illustrate the relationships between FDI renewable energy technology spillover and three energy industry performances including economic, environmental, and innovative performances. To verify the hypotheses, techniques including factor analysis and data envelopment analysis (DEA) are employed to quantify the FDI renewable energy technology spillover and the energy industry performance of China, respectively. Furthermore, a panel data regression model is proposed to measure the impacts of FDI renewable energy technology spillover on China’s energy industry performance. Finally, energy industries of 30 different provinces in China based on the yearbook data from 2005 to 2011 are comparatively analyzed for evaluating the impacts through the empirical research. The results demonstrate that FDI renewable energy technology spillover has positive impacts on China’s energy industry performance. It can also be found that the technology spillover effects are more obvious in economic and technological developed regions. Finally, four suggestions are provided to enhance energy industry performance and promote renewable energy technology spillover in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: foreign direct investment (FDI); renewable energy; technology spillover; China’s energy industry performance; panel data regression foreign direct investment (FDI); renewable energy; technology spillover; China’s energy industry performance; panel data regression
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Liu, W.; Xu, X.; Yang, Z.; Zhao, J.; Xing, J. Impacts of FDI Renewable Energy Technology Spillover on China’s Energy Industry Performance. Sustainability 2016, 8, 846.

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