Next Article in Journal
Driftwood Biomass in Italy: Estimation and Characterization
Previous Article in Journal
Measuring Carbon Emissions of Pavement Construction in China
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 722; doi:10.3390/su8080722

Predicting the Potential Distribution of Olea ferruginea in Pakistan incorporating Climate Change by Using Maxent Model

1
College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2
Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Punjab Wildlife and Parks Department, Dera Ghazi Khan Region 32200, Pakistan
3
Strategic Policy Unit, Lahore Development Authority, Lahore 54770, Pakistan
4
Department of Space Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
5
Department of Environmental Science, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 24 March 2016 / Revised: 3 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3151 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

The potential distribution of Olea ferruginea was predicted by Maxent model for present and the upcoming hypothetical (2050) climatic scenario. O. ferruginea is an economically beneficial plant species. For predicting the potential distribution of O. ferruginea in Pakistan, Worldclim variables for current and future climatic change scenarios, digital elevation model (DEM) slope, and aspects with the occurrence point were used. Pearson correlation was used to reject highly correlated variables. A total of 219 sighting points were used in the Maxent modeling. The area under curve (AUC) value was higher than 0.98. The approach used in this study is considered useful in predicting the potential distribution of O. ferruginea species, and can be an effective tool in the conservation and restoration planning for human welfare. The results show that there is a significant impact under future bioclimatic scenarios on the potential distribution of O. ferruginea in Pakistan. There is a significant decrease in the overall distribution of O. ferruginea due to loss of habitats under current distribution range, but this will be compensated by gain of habitat at higher altitudes in the future climate change scenario (habitat shift). It is recommended that the areas predicted suitable for the O. ferruginea may be used for plantation of this species while the deforested land should be restored for human welfare. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioclimatic; climate change; habitat shift; Jackknife test; Maxent model; Olea ferruginea bioclimatic; climate change; habitat shift; Jackknife test; Maxent model; Olea ferruginea
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ashraf, U.; Ali, H.; Chaudry, M.N.; Ashraf, I.; Batool, A.; Saqib, Z. Predicting the Potential Distribution of Olea ferruginea in Pakistan incorporating Climate Change by Using Maxent Model. Sustainability 2016, 8, 722.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top