Next Article in Journal
The Milk Supply Chain in Italy’s Umbria Region: Environmental and Economic Sustainability
Next Article in Special Issue
Cool Marble Building Envelopes: The Effect of Aging on Energy Performance and Aesthetics
Previous Article in Journal
Predicting the Potential Distribution of Olea ferruginea in Pakistan incorporating Climate Change by Using Maxent Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water and Carbon Footprint of Wine: Methodology Review and Application to a Case Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 725; doi:10.3390/su8080725

Driftwood Biomass in Italy: Estimation and Characterization

CIRIAF—Interuniversity Research Center, University of Perugia, Perugia 67-06125, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francesco Asdrubali and Pietro Buzzini
Received: 20 June 2016 / Revised: 20 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1508 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

In Italy, the accumulation of driftwood along the shore is a significant issue, especially for the coastal municipalities of the Central and Northern regions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution and availability of the coastal driftwood in Italy and its impacts, as well as analyzing its chemical–physical properties to evaluate possible employment in combustion applications. On the basis of a data gathering campaign for the period 2010–2014, about 60,000 tons of driftwood are reported to accumulate along the Italian shores every year. The two regions hardest-hit were Liguria and Veneto, with about 15,000 tons and 12,000 tons, respectively. Three sites were selected for driftwood sampling. The main issue deriving from chemical characterization was the high chlorine content (up to 2% on dry basis) and metal oxides in the ashes. Driftwood samples were then subjected to a natural washing cycle for 1 month; results revealed a significant drop in chlorine and metal oxides contents (up to 80%) and a low decrease of the lower heating value (about 20%). Furthermore, the percolated water was analyzed in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD), showing values (up to 1100 mg O2/L) above the Italian limits for discharges into surface waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: driftwood; seawater salt; biomass; washing; fouling; slagging driftwood; seawater salt; biomass; washing; fouling; slagging
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cotana, F.; Buratti, C.; Barbanera, M.; Cavalaglio, G.; Foschini, D.; Nicolini, A.; Pisello, A.L. Driftwood Biomass in Italy: Estimation and Characterization. Sustainability 2016, 8, 725.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top