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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 703; doi:10.3390/su8070703

GIS-Based Approach for Municipal Renewable Energy Planning to Support Post-Earthquake Revitalization: A Japanese Case Study

1
College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, No. 24 South Section 1, Yihuan Road, Chengdu 610065, China
2
Laboratory of Spatial Planning (Town and Country Planning), Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, Matsudo 648, Matsudo City, Chiba 271-8510, Japan
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in the 51st International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) Congress.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 14 May 2016 / Revised: 6 July 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 22 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [24415 KB, uploaded 22 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Following a regional-level study conducted in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan (Wang et al., 2014 [1]), this paper presents an approach for municipal renewable energy planning and its experimental application in a Japanese municipality using a Geographic Information System (GIS). The proposed approach is comprised of local issue identification, renewable energy potential evaluation and visualization, site comparison and scenario analysis. GIS was used to analyze and visualize solar, wind and biomass (forest and agriculture residue) potential within Kawamata Town, Fukushima, Japan. According to local conditions, all potential sites were coded and then compared based on different criteria, such as solar radiation, wind speed, slope and land uses, among others. In the scenario analysis section, two scenarios, “renewable energy prioritized” and ”evacuation area prioritized”, were adopted and compared. The scenarios are altered in terms of placement and the number of renewable energy facilities inside and outside evacuation areas within the town. The results generated through the proposed approach can provide information on local potentials of renewable energy resources, as well as renewable energy development alternatives at the municipal level. They can be used in the interactive dialogue for the municipal renewable energy planning process, to help to fulfill the municipality’s post-earthquake energy developmental vision. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy planning; GIS; scenarios; decision making support; post-earthquake revitalization; Japanese municipality renewable energy planning; GIS; scenarios; decision making support; post-earthquake revitalization; Japanese municipality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Q.; M’Ikiugu, M.M.; Kinoshita, I.; Luo, Y. GIS-Based Approach for Municipal Renewable Energy Planning to Support Post-Earthquake Revitalization: A Japanese Case Study. Sustainability 2016, 8, 703.

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