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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 624; doi:10.3390/su8070624

Impacts on the Social Cohesion of Mainland Spain’s Future Motorway and High-Speed Rail Networks

Polytechnic School, University of Extremadura, 10003 Caceres, Spain
Academic Editors: Jamal Jokar Arsanjani and Eric Vaz
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 27 June 2016 / Accepted: 28 June 2016 / Published: 2 July 2016
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Abstract

A great expansion of the road and rail network is contemplated in the Infrastructure, Transport and Housing Plan (PITVI in Spanish), in order to achieve greater social cohesion in 2024 in Spain. For this reason, the aim of this study is to classify and to identify those municipalities that are going to improve or worsen their social cohesion. To achieve this goal, the municipalities were classified according to the degree of socioeconomic development, and their accessibility levels were determined before and after the construction of these infrastructures. Firstly, the socioeconomic classification demonstrates that there is predominance in the northern half of the peninsula in the most developed municipalities. Secondly, the accessibility levels show that the same center-peripheral models are going to be kept in the future. Finally, poorly-defined territorial patterns are obtained with respect to the positive or negative effects of new infrastructures on social cohesion. Therefore, it is possible to state that the construction plan is going to partially fulfill its aim, since a quarter of the population is going to be affected by a negative impact on socioeconomic development. As a consequence, people who live here are going to have major problems in achieving social cohesion. View Full-Text
Keywords: accessibility; social cohesion; socioeconomic development; distance decay; geographic information science; network analysis; spatial analysis accessibility; social cohesion; socioeconomic development; distance decay; geographic information science; network analysis; spatial analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Naranjo Gómez, J.M. Impacts on the Social Cohesion of Mainland Spain’s Future Motorway and High-Speed Rail Networks. Sustainability 2016, 8, 624.

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