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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 568; doi:10.3390/su8060568

Assimilation and Translocation of Dry Matter and Phosphorus in Rice Genotypes Affected by Salt-Alkaline Stress

1,2,3
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1,3
,
1,2
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1,3,* and 1,3,*
1
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Da’ an-Sodic Land Experiment Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Da’ an 131300, Jilin, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 28 April 2016 / Revised: 30 May 2016 / Accepted: 13 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [718 KB, uploaded 17 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Salt-alkaline stress generally leads to soil compaction and fertility decline. It also restricts rice growth and phosphorus acquisition. In this pot experiment, two relatively salt-alkaline tolerant (Dongdao-4 and Changbai-9) and sensitive (Changbai-25 and Tongyu-315) rice genotypes were planted in sandy (control) and salt-alkaline soil to evaluate the characteristics of dry matter and phosphorus assimilation and translocation in rice. The results showed that dry matter and phosphorus assimilation in rice greatly decreased under salt-alkaline stress as the plants grew. The translocation and contribution of dry matter and phosphorus to the grains also increased markedly; different performances were observed between genotypes under salt-alkaline stress. D4 and C9 showed higher dry matter translocation, translocation efficiency and contribution of dry matter assimilation to panicles than those of C25 and T315. These changes in D4 and C9 indexes occurred at low levels of salt-alkaline treatment. Higher phosphorus acquisition efficiency of D4 and C9 were also found under salt-alkaline conditions. Additionally, the phosphorus translocation significantly decreased in C25 and T315 in the stress treatment. In conclusion, the results indicated that salt-alkaline-tolerant rice genotypes may have stronger abilities to assimilate and transfer biomass and phosphorus than sensitive genotypes, especially in salt-alkaline conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt-alkaline soil; rice genotypes; dry matter; phosphorus assimilation; phosphorus translocation; genotypic differences salt-alkaline soil; rice genotypes; dry matter; phosphorus assimilation; phosphorus translocation; genotypic differences
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Tian, Z.; Li, J.; Jia, X.; Yang, F.; Wang, Z. Assimilation and Translocation of Dry Matter and Phosphorus in Rice Genotypes Affected by Salt-Alkaline Stress. Sustainability 2016, 8, 568.

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