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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 566; doi:10.3390/su8060566

The Livelihood Vulnerability of Rural Households in Earthquake-Stricken Areas—A Case Study of Ning’er, Yunnan Province

Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 31 March 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 13 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
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Abstract

Earthquakes happen suddenly and are immensely destructive. They not only destroy entire societal production and infrastructure systems but also seriously interfere with daily life and reduce opportunities to earn income in earthquake-affected areas. In this paper, using the Ning’er Ms 6.4 earthquake in 2007 as an example, we analyzed the livelihood vulnerability of rural households in Ning’er County, Yunnan, based on data from questionnaires and on-site interviews. The results showed that on the whole, local rural household livelihoods are relatively vulnerable in the earthquake-affected area of Ning’er. The main reason for the high level of vulnerability of rural households is the lack of single or multiple incomes. Due to the shortage of household income, the capacity of rural households to manage the aftermath of an earthquake is low. Improving the income allocation and transformation level and expanding methods of earning income is an effective way for rural households to decrease livelihood vulnerability in earthquake-prone areas. Some suggestions are given for local rural households to enhance their livelihood income levels in the event of earthquakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability; earthquake; livelihood; rural household; Yunnan vulnerability; earthquake; livelihood; rural household; Yunnan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, B.; Su, G.; Qi, W.; Sun, L. The Livelihood Vulnerability of Rural Households in Earthquake-Stricken Areas—A Case Study of Ning’er, Yunnan Province. Sustainability 2016, 8, 566.

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