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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 564; doi:10.3390/su8060564

Sustainable Supply Chain Management: The Influence of Disposal Scenarios on the Environmental Impact of a 2400 L Waste Container

1
BSH Electrodomésticos España S.A.; Avda. de la Industria, 49, Zaragoza 50016, Spain
2
i+(i3A), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Zaragoza; C/María de Luna, 3, Zaragoza 50018, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Young Hae Lee
Received: 24 April 2016 / Revised: 30 May 2016 / Accepted: 12 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Supply Chain Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [625 KB, uploaded 17 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper analyzes the influence of the supply chain management on the environmental impact of a 2400 L waste disposal container used in most cities of Spain. The studied functional unit, a waste disposal container, made up mostly of plastic materials and a metallic structure, and manufactured in Madrid (Spain), is distributed to several cities at an average distance of 392 km. A life cycle assessment of four different scenarios (SC) has been calculated with the software EcoTool v4.0 (version 4.0; i+: Zaragoza, Spain, 2015) and using Ecoinvent v3.0 database (version 3.0; Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories: St. Gallen, Switzerland, 2013). The environmental impact has been characterized with two different methodologies, recipe and carbon footprint. In order to reduce the environmental impact, several end of life scenarios have been performed, analyzing the influence of the supply chain on a closed-looped system that increases recycling. Closed loop management of the waste and reuse of parts allows companies to stop selling products and start selling the service that their products give to the consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental impact; supply chain; service; LCA; end of life scenarios; closed loop; plastic recycling environmental impact; supply chain; service; LCA; end of life scenarios; closed loop; plastic recycling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Galve, J.E.; Elduque, D.; Pina, C.; Javierre, C. Sustainable Supply Chain Management: The Influence of Disposal Scenarios on the Environmental Impact of a 2400 L Waste Container. Sustainability 2016, 8, 564.

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