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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 314; doi:10.3390/su8040314

Renewable Energy Supply and Demand for the City of El Gouna, Egypt

Technische Universität Berlin, Institute for Energy Engineering, Marchstr.18, 10587 Berlin, Germany
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Academic Editor: Arnulf Jäger-Waldau
Received: 28 October 2015 / Revised: 21 March 2016 / Accepted: 22 March 2016 / Published: 29 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

The paper discusses a supply and demand scenario using renewable energy sources for the city El Gouna in Egypt as an example for a self-supplying community. All calculations are based on measured meteorological data and real power demand during the year 2013. The modeled energy system consists of a concentrating solar tower plant with thermal storage and low-temperature seawater desalination unit as well as an integrated photovoltaic plant and a wind turbine. The low-temperature desalination unit has been newly developed in order to enable the utilization of waste heat from power conversion processes by improved thermal efficiency. In the study, special attention is given to the surplus power handling generated by the photovoltaic and wind power plant. Surplus power is converted into heat and stored in the thermal storage system of the solar power plant in order to increase the capacity factor. A brief estimation of investment costs have been conducted as well in order to outline the economic performance of the modeled energy and water supply system. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energiesl concentrating solar power; thermal seawater desalination; thermal energy storage; surplus power renewable energiesl concentrating solar power; thermal seawater desalination; thermal energy storage; surplus power
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wellmann, J.; Morosuk, T. Renewable Energy Supply and Demand for the City of El Gouna, Egypt. Sustainability 2016, 8, 314.

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