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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 291; doi:10.3390/su8040291

Evaluating Emergency Response Solutions for Sustainable Community Development by Using Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Group Decision Making Approaches: IVDHF-TOPSIS and IVDHF-VIKOR

1
College of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
2
Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
3
College of Business Administration, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giuseppe Ioppolo and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 17 November 2015 / Revised: 3 March 2016 / Accepted: 14 March 2016 / Published: 24 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Emergency management is vital in implementing sustainable community development, for which community planning must include emergency response solutions to potential natural and manmade hazards. To help maintain such solution repository, we investigate effective fuzzy multi-criteria group decision making (FMCGDM) approaches for the complex problems of evaluating alternative emergency response solutions, where weights for decision makers and criteria are unknown due to problem complexity. We employ interval-valued dual hesitant fuzzy (IVDHF) set to address decision hesitancy more effectively. Based on IVDHF assessments, we develop a deviation maximizing model to compute criteria weights and another compatibility maximizing model to calculate weights for decision makers. Then, two ideal-solution-based FMCGDM approaches are proposed: (i) by introducing a synthesized IVDHF group decision matrix into TOPSIS, we develop an IVDHF-TOPSIS approach for fuzzy group settings; (ii) when emphasizing both maximum group utility and minimum individual regret, we extend VIKOR to develop an IVDHF-VIKOR approach, where the derived decision makers’ weights are utilized to obtain group decision matrix and the determined criteria weights are integrated to reflect the relative importance of distances from the compromised ideal solution. Compared with aggregation-operators-based approach, IVDHF-TOPSIS and IVDHF-VIKOR can alleviate information loss and computational complexity. Numerical examples have validated the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-criteria decision making; group decision making; interval-valued dual hesitant fuzzy set; TOPSIS; VIKOR multi-criteria decision making; group decision making; interval-valued dual hesitant fuzzy set; TOPSIS; VIKOR
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, J.; Hegde, G.G.; Shang, J.; Qi, X. Evaluating Emergency Response Solutions for Sustainable Community Development by Using Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Group Decision Making Approaches: IVDHF-TOPSIS and IVDHF-VIKOR. Sustainability 2016, 8, 291.

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