Next Article in Journal
Revealing Social Values by 3D City Visualization in City Transformations
Previous Article in Journal
How Achieving the Millennium Development Goals Increases Subjective Well-Being in Developing Nations
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 193; doi:10.3390/su8020193

Optimal Distributed Generator Allocation Method Considering Voltage Control Cost

State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, No. 2 Beinong Road, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 17 November 2015 / Revised: 28 January 2016 / Accepted: 15 February 2016 / Published: 22 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2437 KB, uploaded 22 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Up till now, the high penetration of intermittent distributed generation (DG) has posed great challenges to the planning and operation of the grid. To achieve the best balance between economic cost and acceptable capacity of DG, this paper proposes a new integrated planning method of the active distribution network while considering voltage control cost. Firstly, characteristics of decentralized and centralized voltage control methods were analyzed. The technical frameworks, voltage control strategies and economical models of different voltage control systems were put forward. Then, an integrated planning model with objectives to minimize the comprehensive cost and maximize clean energy utilization under the constraint of maintaining acceptable voltage was implemented. Simulations were conducted using the Multi-objective Differential Evolution Algorithm (MODE). IEEE 33-bus test systems were employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results demonstrate that the proposed approach is able to connect larger distributed generators and decrease the economic cost of Distribution Network Operators while maintaining voltage within the statutory limits. View Full-Text
Keywords: active distribution system; distributed generation; planning; voltage control active distribution system; distributed generation; planning; voltage control
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.; Xu, H.; Niu, S.; Xie, J. Optimal Distributed Generator Allocation Method Considering Voltage Control Cost. Sustainability 2016, 8, 193.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top