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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 189; doi:10.3390/su8020189

How Achieving the Millennium Development Goals Increases Subjective Well-Being in Developing Nations

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
Department of Health Risk Communication, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima City, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 31 December 2015 / Revised: 9 February 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2016 / Published: 22 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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The target date in 2015 for the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was reached, and a new period of global goals for the post-2015 is dawning. To assess whether and how regional progress towards achieving the MDGs has contributed to better quality of life in developing nations, we formulated a correlation between various aspects of human development, indicated by MDG indicators, and subjective well-being (SWB), a response to the question of how much people feel happy or satisfied. We demonstrated that national levels of SWB can be explained by the degree of development; poverty reduction is the strongest determinant, and achieving the MDGs is associated with higher SWB levels. Scenario assessment of SWB allowed which domain of development should be improved preferentially in each region to be determined, hence the SWB approach is expected to offer an innovative proxy of human development for the assessment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). View Full-Text
Keywords: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); life satisfaction; subjective well-being; human development Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); life satisfaction; subjective well-being; human development

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Fukuda, S.; Murakami, M.; Noda, K.; Oki, T. How Achieving the Millennium Development Goals Increases Subjective Well-Being in Developing Nations. Sustainability 2016, 8, 189.

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