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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 172; doi:10.3390/su8020172

Ecological Security Pattern Analysis Based on InVEST and Least-Cost Path Model: A Case Study of Dongguan Water Village

1
Ningbo Urban-Rural Planning Research Center, Ningbo 315040, China
2
Key Laboratory for Urban Habitat Environmental Science and Technology, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
4
Department of Urban Planning and Design, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
5
School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 18 November 2015 / Revised: 5 February 2016 / Accepted: 5 February 2016 / Published: 16 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2292 KB, uploaded 19 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

The famous “world’s factory” city, Dongguan, like many other places in China, is a typical beneficiary of China’s Reform and Opening-up Policy. However, rapid urban sprawl and economic growth are at the expense of the destruction of the local environment. Therefore, it is of great importance to establish an ecological security network for sustainable development. InVEST models, effective tools to measure sensitivity and intensity of external threats to quantify habitat value, are used to calculate habitat quality of water and land. By combining structural connectivity and the Least-Cost Path model (LCP model), in which corridors are determined based on the minimum accumulative cost path between each critical point, ecological security patterns were calculated. According to the results, the northwest region of Dongguan, having a large quantity of farmlands and water and therefore many corridors and critical patches, is the most essential area in the overall security of ecological environments, which should be protected first. If developed, it should be dominated by eco-tourism and eco-agriculture. We hope that research on the ecological network, which includes critical patches and corridors formed by greenland and rivers, will lead toward better-informed proposals for local urban planning and regional sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: InVEST models; LCP model; critical patches; corridors; network; Dongguan Water Village; ecological security InVEST models; LCP model; critical patches; corridors; network; Dongguan Water Village; ecological security
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Q.; Mao, J.; Wu, J.; Li, W.; Yang, J. Ecological Security Pattern Analysis Based on InVEST and Least-Cost Path Model: A Case Study of Dongguan Water Village. Sustainability 2016, 8, 172.

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