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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1281; doi:10.3390/su8121281

The Effects of Locational Factors on the Performance of Innovation Networks in the German Energy Sector

1
Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, P.O. Box 101344, 03013 Cottbus, Germany
2
University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 1 December 2016 / Accepted: 3 December 2016 / Published: 8 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Locational factors, like the quantity and quality of skilled labour, demanding customers, competitors, supporting industries, and research institutions, are assumed to have an influence on the competitiveness of a region and the performance of the regional actors. However, few studies focus on this topic from an innovation network perspective in the energy sector. Our study tries to close this gap: a sample of 128 German innovation networks of companies and research institutes in the energy sector is used to analyse the effects of locational factors on the performance (effectiveness) of innovation projects. Based on the distinctions in Porter’s Diamond Model, we find that two locational factors—the quality and quantity of the demand conditions and skilled labour—have positive effects. In contrast to the widespread assumption in the literature we could not find evidence for positive impacts on the quality and quantity of the competitive environment. In fact, the effect on performance was negative. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial perspective; region; locational factors; diamond model; collaborative innovation projects; innovation projects in the energy sector spatial perspective; region; locational factors; diamond model; collaborative innovation projects; innovation projects in the energy sector
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kutschke, A.; Rese, A.; Baier, D. The Effects of Locational Factors on the Performance of Innovation Networks in the German Energy Sector. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1281.

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