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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1270; doi:10.3390/su8121270

Application of Social Vulnerability Indicators to Climate Change for the Southwest Coastal Areas of Taiwan

1
Department of Fisheries Production and Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan
2
School of Earth & Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
3
Center for Marine Affairs Studies, Institute of Marine Affairs and Business Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan
4
Department of Marine Leisure Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan
5
Department of Harbor & River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yosef Jabareen
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 27 November 2016 / Accepted: 29 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3009 KB, uploaded 7 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The impact of climate change on the coastal zones of Taiwan not only affects the marine environment, ecology, and human communities whose economies rely heavily on marine activities, but also the sustainable development of national economics. The southwest coast is known as the area most vulnerable to climate change; therefore, this study aims to develop indicators to assess social vulnerability in this area of Taiwan using the three dimensions of susceptibility, resistance, and resilience. The modified Delphi method was used to develop nine criteria and 26 indexes in the evaluation, and the analytic hierarchy process method was employed to evaluate the weight of each indicator based on the perspectives of experts collected through questionnaire surveys. The results provide important information pertaining to the vulnerability of the most susceptive regions, the lowest-resistance areas, and the least resilient townships on the southwest coast. The most socially vulnerable areas are plotted based on the present analysis. Experts can consider the vulnerability map provided here when developing adaptation policies. It should be kept in mind that improving the capacities of resistance and resilience is more important than reducing susceptibility in Taiwan. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; climate change; social vulnerability index; Delphi method; analytic hierarchy process sustainable development; climate change; social vulnerability index; Delphi method; analytic hierarchy process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.-C.; Jhan, H.-T.; Ting, K.-H.; Tsai, H.-C.; Lee, M.-T.; Hsu, T.-W.; Liu, W.-H. Application of Social Vulnerability Indicators to Climate Change for the Southwest Coastal Areas of Taiwan. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1270.

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