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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1223; doi:10.3390/su8121223

Local Expert Perceptions of Migration as a Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh

1
Department of Informatics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
3
Institute for Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
4
University of Agder, Gimlemoen 25, Kristiansand 4630, Norway
5
Department of Geography, Environment and Development (GED), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS), Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD), Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE1410, Brunei
6
Department of Regional Development, Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia, Studentská 13, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
7
Department of Social Geography & Regional Development, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Albertov 6, 12843 Praha, Czech Republic
Risk RED (Risk Reduction Education for Disasters).
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helmut Haberl
Received: 30 July 2016 / Revised: 15 November 2016 / Accepted: 17 November 2016 / Published: 24 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1506 KB, uploaded 24 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

People have long migrated for many reasons, often with a combination of forced and voluntary reasons combining to push them away from current situations and to pull them towards new situations. Bangladesh is one example where environmental changes have long been amongst the multitude of reasons for migrating, with contemporary climate change suggested as a major impetus towards more migration. This paper examines local expert perceptions of migration as a climate change adaptation strategy for Bangladeshis. Seventeen in-depth interviews were conducted with local experts in Bangladesh and Assam (India) on environmental change and migration to understand the perspectives of those with formal education and expert-related jobs who come from the areas being directly affected by Bangladeshi migration. Findings show that local experts consider that migration is used and will be used for climate change adaptation in Bangladesh, but migration is not solely for climate change adaptation, instead interweaving with all other factors influencing migration-related decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; Bangladesh; climate change; climate migration; environmental migration; India; migrants adaptation; Bangladesh; climate change; climate migration; environmental migration; India; migrants
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stojanov, R.; Kelman, I.; Ullah, A.A.; Duží, B.; Procházka, D.; Blahůtová, K.K. Local Expert Perceptions of Migration as a Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1223.

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