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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1199; doi:10.3390/su8111199

Emerging Development Pathways of Urban Livestock Production in Rapidly Growing West Africa Cities

Group Animal Husbandry in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Kassel and Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, Steinstr. 19, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany
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Academic Editor: Sanzidur Rahman
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 15 November 2016 / Accepted: 16 November 2016 / Published: 19 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture and Development)
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Abstract

In this study, we try to capture the degree of specialization or integration, and of intensification or extensification, of (peri-) urban livestock production, along with the factors that influence such decisions and their impact on natural resource uses. A total of 181 and 187 structured questionnaires were completed in livestock-keeping households in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Tamale (Ghana). Categorical principal component and two-step cluster analysis were used to identify homogenous groups of livestock-keeping households. Cross tabulation and logistic regression analysis revealed factors that influence livestock husbandry, showing their impacts on resource use by livestock keepers in the two cities. A diversity of livestock species was kept, mostly integrated with crop farming. Yet, some households specialized in either sheep, pig or commercial milk production, and partly intensified their production. The decision to specialize and/or intensify livestock production is site-specific and influenced by the education level of the household head and security of land ownership. Higher inputs in livestock systems do not necessarily lead to higher outputs, and specialization inevitably leads to higher manure wastages. Therefore, links of livestock producers to crop farmers and markets for livestock manure must be strengthened to enable recycling of resources and limit negative externalities of specialized livestock production. Strategies need to be identified to improve livestock productivity by enhancing outputs as input use increases. View Full-Text
Keywords: farm typology; development pathways; urban livestock production; specialization; intensification; West Africa farm typology; development pathways; urban livestock production; specialization; intensification; West Africa
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Roessler, R.; Mpouam, S.E.; Muchemwa, T.; Schlecht, E. Emerging Development Pathways of Urban Livestock Production in Rapidly Growing West Africa Cities. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1199.

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