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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1188; doi:10.3390/su8111188

Exploring Differences in Commuting Behaviour among Various Income Groups during Polycentric Urban Development in China: New Evidence and Its Implications

1
Urban and Regional Planning Discipline, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
2
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
3
Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 24 August 2016 / Revised: 23 October 2016 / Accepted: 10 November 2016 / Published: 18 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1390 KB, uploaded 18 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Income status is an important variable that is strongly associated with certain commuting behaviours of workers. This paper presents new evidence on how polycentric development impacts on workers’ commuting behaviour among various income groups in Beijing, China. This study suggests that three key influencing factors—the public transport network, the location of affordable housing projects and the process of employment decentralisation—have played significant roles in affecting workers’ commuting behaviour. The results of regression analysis indicate that subway and bus transport significantly and negatively influenced the commuting times of low- and middle-income workers, but the two transport modes did not have a significant influence on the commuting times of high-income workers. The findings from this research suggest that policies for promoting employment decentralisation during polycentric development have the potential to reduce workers’ commuting times through promoting jobs-housing balance in the sub-centres. The results of this study indicate that a balanced jobs-housing relationship can be achieved through adjustment of affordable housing locations, and this can be effective in shortening low-income workers’ commuting times in the sub-centres of Beijing. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; income groups; low-income workers; socio-economic characteristics; commuting behaviour quality of life; income groups; low-income workers; socio-economic characteristics; commuting behaviour
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Lin, D.; Allan, A.; Cui, J. Exploring Differences in Commuting Behaviour among Various Income Groups during Polycentric Urban Development in China: New Evidence and Its Implications. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1188.

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