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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1163; doi:10.3390/su8111163

Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Chile, Santiago 8370451, Chile
2
Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Ciudad Universitaria, 11 Av., Guatemala 01012, Guatemala
3
Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3050, USA
4
Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 30 October 2016 / Accepted: 31 October 2016 / Published: 10 November 2016
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Abstract

Microgrids are a rapidly evolving and increasingly common form of local power generation used to serve the needs of both rural and urban communities. In this paper, we present a methodology to evaluate the evolution of the sustainability of stand-alone microgrids projects. The proposed methodology considers a composite sustainability index (CSI) that includes both positive and negative impacts of the operation of the microgrid in a given community. The CSI is constructed along environmental, social, economic and technical dimensions of the microgrid. The sub-indexes of each dimension are aggregated into the CSI via a set of adaptive weighting factors, which indicate the relative importance of the corresponding dimension in the sustainability goals. The proposed methodology aims to be a support instrument for policy makers especially when defining sound corrective measures to guarantee the sustainability of small, isolated microgrid projects. To validate the performance of the proposed methodology, a microgrid installed in the northern part of Chile (Huatacondo) has been used as a benchmarking project. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; isolated microgrids; composite index; policy makers sustainable development; isolated microgrids; composite index; policy makers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahmann, C.; Núñez, O.; Valencia, F.; Arrechea, S.; Sager, J.; Kammen, D. Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1163.

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