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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1097; doi:10.3390/su8111097

Environmental Performance of Electricity Generation Based on Resources: A Life Cycle Assessment Case Study in Turkey

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Anadolu University, Eskişehir 26555, Turkey
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Academic Editors: Francesco Asdrubali and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 13 July 2016 / Revised: 17 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 October 2016 / Published: 27 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to determine how to change the environmental performance of electricity generation depending on the resources and their shares, in order to support decision-makers. Additionally, this paper presents an application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to determine the environmental burdens of electricity generation in Turkey. Electricity generation data in Turkey for the years 2012 and 2023 were used as a case study. The functional unit for electricity generation was 1 kWh. The LCA calculations were carried out using CML-IA (v3.00) data and the results were interpreted with respect to Monte Carlo simulation analysis (with the Monte Carlo function built in SimaPro 8.0.1 software). The results demonstrated that the fossil fuel consumption not only contributes to global warming, but it also has effects on the elemental basis of abiotic depletion due to raw material consumption for plant infrastructure. Additionally, it was observed that the increasing proportion of wind power in the electricity mix would also increase certain life cycle impacts (such as the elemental basis of abiotic depletion, human ecotoxicity, and terrestrial ecotoxicity) in Turkey’s geography compared to increasing the share of other renewable energy sources, such as hydropower, geothermal, as well as solar. View Full-Text
Keywords: electricity generation; fossil fuels; global warming; life cycle assessment; renewable energy electricity generation; fossil fuels; global warming; life cycle assessment; renewable energy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Günkaya, Z.; Özdemir, A.; Özkan, A.; Banar, M. Environmental Performance of Electricity Generation Based on Resources: A Life Cycle Assessment Case Study in Turkey. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1097.

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