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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 34; doi:10.3390/su8010034

Exploring the Spatial Distribution of Occupations Vulnerable to Climate Change in Korea

1
Korea Environment Institute, 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
2
School of City and Regional Planning, Georgia Institute of Technology, 245 4th Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
3
Department of Urban Planning and Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodamun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 26 September 2015 / Revised: 16 December 2015 / Accepted: 24 December 2015 / Published: 31 December 2015
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Abstract

This article aims to identify occupations at risk of climate change, and explore their spatial distribution by investigating their spatial concentration and cluster patterns in Korea. In order to identify professions vulnerable to climate change, we used three criteria: (1) exposure to the risks of job activities; (2) sensitivity to work environments; and (3) adaptive capacities based on the socioeconomic conditions of a person’s occupation. We identified 26 vocations as vulnerable, which corresponds to 16.5% of the total number of careers. Then, we used exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) techniques to examine the spatial distribution of jobs at risk of climate change effects. Endangered occupations show the extremely uneven spatial distributions across regions, indicating that there is a wide range of values for the proportion of endangered occupations across regions. The regions with high proportions of professions in jeopardy show clear spatial clustering based on the large geographic belt from the southwest to the northeast. Our results suggest that policymakers should consider the specific geographies of vulnerable occupations. The current work provides helpful hints on regional policy coordination to promote a virtuous circle of sustainable regional development. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; vulnerable occupations; exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) climate change; vulnerable occupations; exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, D.; Lee, H.; Lim, U. Exploring the Spatial Distribution of Occupations Vulnerable to Climate Change in Korea. Sustainability 2016, 8, 34.

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