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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 20; doi:10.3390/su8010020

Water Footprints and Sustainable Water Allocation

1
Twente Water Centre, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Water Footprint Network, International Water House, Bezuidenhoutseweg 2, 2594 AV The Hague, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 23 December 2015 / Revised: 23 December 2015 / Accepted: 23 December 2015 / Published: 25 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Footprints and Sustainable Water Allocation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [164 KB, uploaded 25 December 2015]

Abstract

Water Footprint Assessment (WFA) is a quickly growing research field. This Special Issue contains a selection of papers advancing the field or showing innovative applications. The first seven papers are geographic WFA studies, from an urban to a continental scale; the next five papers have a global scope; the final five papers focus on water sustainability from the business point of view. The collection of papers shows that the historical picture of a town relying on its hinterland for its supply of water and food is no longer true: the water footprint of urban consumers is global. It has become clear that wise water governance is no longer the exclusive domain of government, even though water is and will remain a public resource with government in a primary role. With most water being used for producing our food and other consumer goods, and with product supply chains becoming increasingly complex and global, there is a growing awareness that consumers, companies and investors also have a key role. The interest in sustainable water use grows quickly, in both civil society and business communities, but the poor state of transparency of companies regarding their direct and indirect water use implies that there is still a long way to go before we can expect that companies effectively contribute to making water footprints more sustainable at a relevant scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: green, blue, grey water footprint; water scarcity; water pollution; sustainability; efficiency; equity; water stewardship green, blue, grey water footprint; water scarcity; water pollution; sustainability; efficiency; equity; water stewardship
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hoekstra, A.Y.; Chapagain, A.K.; Zhang, G. Water Footprints and Sustainable Water Allocation. Sustainability 2016, 8, 20.

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