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Sustainability 2015, 7(9), 12615-12633; doi:10.3390/su70912615

Selecting Eco-Friendly Thermal Systems for the “Vittoriale Degli Italiani” Historic Museum Building

1
DIAEE—Department of Astronautic, Energetic and Electric Engineering, Sapienza University, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 244, Rome 00186, Italy
2
Department of Energy and Environment, Marconi University, Via Plinio 44, Rome 00193, Italy
3
CITERA—Interdisciplinary Center for Housing, Heritage and Environment, Sapienza University, Via Gramsci 53, Rome 00197, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 23 July 2015 / Revised: 6 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 September 2015 / Published: 15 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2526 KB, uploaded 15 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Thermal systems installed in museums should guarantee the maintenance of the optimal hygrothermal parameters ranges for the conservation of their collection materials. Considering the preservation of historic buildings, according to their historical and landscaping constraints, not all the thermal system typologies could be installed in these buildings’ typologies. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to present some indications for the choice of the best thermal system solutions for a considered historic museum building, called Vittoriale degli Italiani, in the north of Italy, taking into account their installation feasibility and their related environmental impacts. The methodology includes a monitoring of the current hygrothermal parameters as well as the assessment of design heat and cooling loads related to the maintenance of the optimal hygrothermal parameters ranges for the conservation of collection materials. In addition, a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of each selected system typology is considered for highlighting the most eco-friendly solution among the suitable ones. The obtained results highlights the feasible thermal system solutions able to maintain the hygrothermal parameters between the optimal ranges with a lower environmental impact in the Vittoriale degli Italiani historic museum building. View Full-Text
Keywords: hygrothermal parameters for historic museum buildings; life cycle assessment (LCA); hydronic fan coil system; multiple-split direct-expansion air-conditioning system; design heat load; design cooling load hygrothermal parameters for historic museum buildings; life cycle assessment (LCA); hydronic fan coil system; multiple-split direct-expansion air-conditioning system; design heat load; design cooling load
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia, D.A.; Di Matteo, U.; Cumo, F. Selecting Eco-Friendly Thermal Systems for the “Vittoriale Degli Italiani” Historic Museum Building. Sustainability 2015, 7, 12615-12633.

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