Assessment and Evolution of the Sustainable Development Ability of Human–Ocean Systems in Coastal Regions of China
AbstractThe oceans are a crucial source of natural resources for human development, as productive terrestrial resources increasingly reach their limits of economic and ecological exploitation. With increasing human impact on oceans, it is vital to maintain a sustainable human–ocean relationship. We present an indicator system and information entropy model to assess the evolution of human–ocean systems (HOSs) according to the dissipative structure theory. Sustainable development ability (SDA) scores for HOSs are calculated based on the combination-weighting model. Finally, the Richards model is used to depict the HOSs’ evolution states and periods in different coastal regions of China. The assessment indicates that total entropy is undergoing a process of negentropy; and that order degrees of HOSs are gradually improving. The results also suggest that the sustainable development levels of HOSs are continuously improving. The different coastal regions showed notable disparities of SDA and evolutionary processes, due to a differing resource base, environmental carrying capacity, and socio-economic development. Different limiting factors should determine regional policies for enhancing the SDA process; the key to sustainable development of HOS is achieving a balance between the exploitation of ocean resources for socio-economic development and conserving ecosystem services that are critical to wellbeing and livelihoods. View Full-Text
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Sun, C.; Zhang, K.; Zou, W.; Li, B.; Qin, X. Assessment and Evolution of the Sustainable Development Ability of Human–Ocean Systems in Coastal Regions of China. Sustainability 2015, 7, 10399-10427.
Sun C, Zhang K, Zou W, Li B, Qin X. Assessment and Evolution of the Sustainable Development Ability of Human–Ocean Systems in Coastal Regions of China. Sustainability. 2015; 7(8):10399-10427.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Caizhi; Zhang, Kunling; Zou, Wei; Li, Bin; Qin, Xionghe. 2015. "Assessment and Evolution of the Sustainable Development Ability of Human–Ocean Systems in Coastal Regions of China." Sustainability 7, no. 8: 10399-10427.