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Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 7261-7288; doi:10.3390/su7067261

A MCDM Analysis of the Roşia Montană Gold Mining Project

1
MRC—Median Research Centre, Ion Călin 3, Sector 2, Bucharest 020531, Romania
2
International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, IIASA, Schlossplatz 1, Laxenburg A-2361, Austria
3
Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Forum 100, Kista SE-164 40, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 13 March 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 29 May 2015 / Published: 5 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)

Abstract

The need and estimated utility for a structured analysis of the Roşia Montană gold exploitation project have been palpable in the Romanian public sphere during the last 15 years and there is a vast amount of conflicting information and opinions on the benefits and risks involved. This article provides a comprehensive decision analysis of the Roşia Montană project. Over 100 documents from the past years have been gathered regarding the Roşia Montană mining project, which cover the main official, formal and less formal documents covering the case and produced by a wide range of stakeholders. These were then analyzed while designing a multi-criteria tree including the relevant perspectives under which the most commonly discussed four alternatives were analyzed. The result of this can be translated into a valuable recommendation for the mining company and for the political decision-makers. If these stakeholders want the continuation of the project and its acceptance by civil society, the key challenge is to increase the transparency of the process and improve the credibility and legal aspects; if these aspects cannot be met, the decision-makers need to pay attention to the alternatives available for a sustainable development in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-criteria decision analysis; sustainable socio-economic development; gold mining; cyanide-based exploitations; environmental sustainability; mining activities pollution; multi-stakeholder analysis; Roșia Montană mining; mono-industrial regions multi-criteria decision analysis; sustainable socio-economic development; gold mining; cyanide-based exploitations; environmental sustainability; mining activities pollution; multi-stakeholder analysis; Roșia Montană mining; mono-industrial regions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mihai, A.; Marincea, A.; Ekenberg, L. A MCDM Analysis of the Roşia Montană Gold Mining Project. Sustainability 2015, 7, 7261-7288.

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