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Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 7031-7048; doi:10.3390/su7067031

Approaching Integrated Urban-Rural Development in China: The Changing Institutional Roles

1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Matthew
Received: 2 March 2015 / Revised: 26 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 2 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Government Policy and Sustainability)
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Abstract

This paper examines the impact of institutional change on the implementation of China’s integrated urban-rural development strategy in the period 1981–2010. The findings indicate that governmental investment in rural areas and the development of non-agricultural industries in the countryside in fact contributed positively to the integration of urban-rural development in the period studied. The household registration system, however, was found to have acted as an obstacle to integration due to its exclusion of rural immigrants from welfare benefits. The reform of the agricultural production price system was not found to have exerted an impact, since low agricultural incomes compelled peasants to undertake non-agricultural work in towns and cities. A robustness check performed as part of the study proved the reliability of these findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; dualistic structure; urban-rural integration; institutional roles; China urbanization; dualistic structure; urban-rural integration; institutional roles; China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, Y.; Hu, Z. Approaching Integrated Urban-Rural Development in China: The Changing Institutional Roles. Sustainability 2015, 7, 7031-7048.

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