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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 6046-6068; doi:10.3390/su7056046

Notes on the Quality of Life of Artisanal Small-Scale Fishermen along the Pacific Coast of Jalisco, México

1
Biological Sciences Department, Centro Universitario de la Costa, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Universidad 203 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco CP 48280, Mexico
2
Department of Geography, John R. Brodie Science Centre, Brandon University, 270-18th Street, Brandon, MB R74 6A9, Canada
3
Administrative-Accounting Studies Department, Centro Universitario de la Costa, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Universidad 203 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco CP 48280, Mexico
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 8 January 2015 / Revised: 29 April 2015 / Accepted: 30 April 2015 / Published: 15 May 2015
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Abstract

Sustainable fishing includes the socioeconomic status of fishers. We combined empirical quality of life (QOL) and subjective lived experiences methods to explore the social sustainability of artisanal fishers in five fishery collectives along the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where the average daily income is slightly above the poverty level. The QOL scores were also related to annual catch and incomes within each collective. A QOL index is used in this study that combines importance and achievement ratings scores; the results are indicative of an acceptable QOL for fishermen. The concept of lived experiences, incorporating aspects of life relating to Mind, Body, Work and People was explored through interviews with 12 fishers. The QOL data revealed that family and friends are important indicators related to positive QOL reported by the sample, while economic indicators were not important. Although four of the five collectives perceived that the future looks worse than the present and past, there was limited correlation between catch or income and QOL. However, while the lived experiences exercise in part supported the QOL findings, in that People was the most important dimension for almost all of the fishers interviewed, negative economic gaps related to poor catches and incomes were prevalent in the Mind and Work dimensions. The findings suggest that to understand the socioeconomic component of sustainable fisheries, both of these approaches should be considered, as they can illuminate different aspects of fishers’ lives that need to be considered during the development of fisheries’ management policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: lived experiences; sustainable fishing; gap lived experiences; sustainable fishing; gap
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bravo-Olivas, M.L.; Chávez-Dagostino, R.M.; Malcolm, C.D.; Espinoza-Sánchez, R. Notes on the Quality of Life of Artisanal Small-Scale Fishermen along the Pacific Coast of Jalisco, México. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6046-6068.

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