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Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4425-4447; doi:10.3390/su7044425

Comparison Analysis and Evaluation of Urban Competitiveness in Chinese Urban Clusters

1
School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Research Center for Digital Business Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
3
School of Business, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 13 January 2015 / Revised: 6 April 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 15 April 2015
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Abstract

With accelerating urbanization, urban competitiveness has become a worldwide academic focus. Previous studies always focused on economic factors but ignored social elements when measuring urban competitiveness. In this paper, a city was considered as a whole containing different units such as departments, individuals and economic activities, which interact with each other and affect its economic operation. Moreover, a city’s development was compared to an object’s movement, and the components were compared to different forces acting upon the object. With the analysis of the principle of object movement, this study has established a more scientific evaluation index system that involves 4 subsystems, 12 elements and 58 indexes. By using the TOPSIS method, the study has worked out the urban competitiveness of 141 cities from 28 Chinese urban clusters in 2009. According to the calculation results, these cities were divided into four levels: A, B, C, D. Furthermore, in order to analyze the competitiveness of cities and urban clusters, cities and urban clusters have been divided into four groups according to their distributive characteristics: the southeast, the northeast and Bohai Rim, the central region and the west. Suggestions and recommendations for each group are provided based on careful analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban cluster; TOPSIS; urban competitiveness urban cluster; TOPSIS; urban competitiveness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, H.; Liu, X.; Li, Y.; Wang, D.; Chen, X. Comparison Analysis and Evaluation of Urban Competitiveness in Chinese Urban Clusters. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4425-4447.

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