Sustainability Assessment of the Residential Land Use in Seven Boroughs of the Island of Montreal, Canada
AbstractHigh resource utilization in the residential sector, and the associated environmental impacts, are central issues in the growth of urban regions. Land-use urban planning is a primary instrument for the proper development of cities; an important point is the consideration of the urban form’s influence on resource utilization intensity. Emergy synthesis, an energy-based methodological approach that allows the quantification and integration of both natural and human-generated flows interacting in urban environments, was used to assess sustainability of the residential land use of seven boroughs on the Island of Montreal. Natural resources, food, water, acquired goods and services, electricity and fuels were the main flows considered in the analysis. Results suggest that income, household size and distance to downtown are the variables affecting resource utilization intensity more noticeably and that allocation of green area coverage is an important parameter for controlling land use intensity. With the procedure used for calculating resource use intensity in the seven boroughs, it is possible to generate a tool to support urban planning decision-making for assessing sustainable development scenarios. Future research should consider urban green space potential for accommodating local waste treatment systems, acting as a greenhouse gas emissions sink and promoting human health. View Full-Text
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Vega-Azamar, R.E.; Romero-López, R.; Glaus, M.; Oropeza-García, N.A.; Hausler, R. Sustainability Assessment of the Residential Land Use in Seven Boroughs of the Island of Montreal, Canada. Sustainability 2015, 7, 2454-2472.
Vega-Azamar RE, Romero-López R, Glaus M, Oropeza-García NA, Hausler R. Sustainability Assessment of the Residential Land Use in Seven Boroughs of the Island of Montreal, Canada. Sustainability. 2015; 7(3):2454-2472.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vega-Azamar, Ricardo E.; Romero-López, Rabindranarth; Glaus, Mathias; Oropeza-García, Norma A.; Hausler, Robert. 2015. "Sustainability Assessment of the Residential Land Use in Seven Boroughs of the Island of Montreal, Canada." Sustainability 7, no. 3: 2454-2472.