Next Article in Journal
Modeling Factors with Influence on Sustainable University Management
Next Article in Special Issue
Cross-Scale and Cross-Level Dynamics: Governance and Capacity for Resilience in a Social-Ecological System in Taiwan
Previous Article in Journal
Ethanol Production from Enzymatically Treated Dried Food Waste Using Enzymes Produced On-Site
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of a Meteorological Risk Map for Disaster Mitigation and Management in the Chishan Basin, Taiwan
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 1459-1482; doi:10.3390/su7021459

Coupling Intensive Land Use and Landscape Ecological Security for Urban Sustainability: An Integrated Socioeconomic Data and Spatial Metrics Analysis in Hangzhou City

1
School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
2
Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Earth Institute, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964, USA
3
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 23 October 2014 / Revised: 9 January 2015 / Accepted: 16 January 2015 / Published: 28 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use and Ecosystem Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2371 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Despite the unprecedented rate of urbanization throughout the world, human society is still facing the challenge of coordinating urban socioeconomic development and ecological conservation. In this article, we integrated socioeconomic data and spatial metrics to investigate the coupling relationship between intensive land use (ILU) system and landscape ecological security (LES) system for urban sustainable development, and to determine how these systems interact with each other. The values of ILU and LES were first calculated according to two evaluation subsystems under the pressure-state-response (PSR) framework. A coupling model was then established to analyze the coupling relationship within these two subsystems. The results showed that the levels of both subsystems were generally increasing, but there were several fluctuation changes in LES. The interaction in each system was time lagged; urban land use/cover change (LUCC) and ecosystem transformation were determined by political business cycles and influenced by specific factors. The coupling relationship underwent a coordinated development mode from 1992–2012. From the findings we concluded that the coupling system maintained a stable condition and underwent evolving threshold values. The integrated ILU and LES system was a coupling system in which subsystems were related to each other and internal elements had mutual effects. Finally, it was suggested that our results provided a multi-level interdisciplinary perspective on linking socioeconomic-ecological systems. The implications for urban sustainable development were also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: intensive land use; landscape metrics; landscape ecological security; socioeconomic-ecological system; coupling relationship; sustainable urbanization intensive land use; landscape metrics; landscape ecological security; socioeconomic-ecological system; coupling relationship; sustainable urbanization
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cen, X.; Wu, C.; Xing, X.; Fang, M.; Garang, Z.; Wu, Y. Coupling Intensive Land Use and Landscape Ecological Security for Urban Sustainability: An Integrated Socioeconomic Data and Spatial Metrics Analysis in Hangzhou City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1459-1482.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top