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Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 16670-16686; doi:10.3390/su71215838

Life Cycle Building Carbon Emissions Assessment and Driving Factors Decomposition Analysis Based on LMDI—A Case Study of Wuhan City in China

School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
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Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 13 October 2015 / Revised: 9 December 2015 / Accepted: 14 December 2015 / Published: 17 December 2015
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Abstract

Carbon emissions calculation at the sub-provincial level has issues in limited data and non-unified measurements. This paper calculated the life cycle energy consumption and carbon emissions of the building industry in Wuhan, China. The findings showed that the proportion of carbon emissions in the construction operation phase was the largest, followed by the carbon emissions of the indirect energy consumption and the construction material preparation phase. With the purpose of analyzing the contributors of the construction carbon emissions, this paper conducted decomposition analysis using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI). The results indicated that the increasing buidling area was the major driver of energy consumption and carbon emissions increase, followed by the behavior factor. Population growth and urbanization, to some extent, increased the carbon emissions as well. On the contrary, energy efficiency was the main inhibitory factor for reducing the carbon emissions. Policy implications in terms of low-carbon construction development were highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment; carbon emissions; LMDI; low-carbon buildings life cycle assessment; carbon emissions; LMDI; low-carbon buildings
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gong, Y.; Song, D. Life Cycle Building Carbon Emissions Assessment and Driving Factors Decomposition Analysis Based on LMDI—A Case Study of Wuhan City in China. Sustainability 2015, 7, 16670-16686.

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