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Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 16532-16547; doi:10.3390/su71215829

Regional Water Footprint Assessment: A Case Study of Leshan City

1,2
,
1
and
3,4,*
1
Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
2
State-Province Joint Engineering Research Lab in Geospatial Information Technology for High Speed Railway Safety, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
3
Department of Economics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
4
Institute of Resource, Environment and Sustainable Development Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongrok Choi, Malin Song and Seunghwan Myeong
Received: 26 September 2015 / Revised: 1 December 2015 / Accepted: 10 December 2015 / Published: 15 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3630 KB, uploaded 15 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents an assessment of urban water footprint in the period of 2001 to 2012 by taking Leshan City, China as a typical case study. The water footprint is calculated by the sum of the water footprints of various sectors, i.e., crop production, animal products, industrial processes, domestic waster, eco-environment, and virtual water trade. Results show that the water footprints of the various sectors rose by degrees varying from 19% to 55%, which gave rise to an increase of the total water footprint of 43.13% from 2001 to 2012. Crop production and animal products are identified as the major water intensive sectors, accounting for about 68.97% of the total water footprint. The water footprint in the Northeastern area of Leshan City is greater than that of the Southwestern area in the period 1992–2012, resulted in an expansion of water footprint in the Sha Wan and Wu Tongqiao Districts due to the development of urbanization. The application of water footprint assessment is expected to provide insight into the improvement of urban water efficiency, and thus aid in better water resources management. View Full-Text
Keywords: water footprint; water footprint assessment; Leshan City; water resources management water footprint; water footprint assessment; Leshan City; water resources management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhao, R.; He, H.; Zhang, N. Regional Water Footprint Assessment: A Case Study of Leshan City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 16532-16547.

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