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Sustainability 2015, 7(11), 14647-14660; doi:10.3390/su71114647

Sustainability Indicators of Iran’s Developmental Plans: Application of the Sustainability Compass Theory

1
Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan 65174, Iran
2
Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Khuzestan Ramin Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Mollasani 63417, Iran
3
Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Agoralaan Building D, Diepenbeek 3590, Belgium
4
Economics and Rural Development, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, Liège 4000, Belgium
5
Department of Geography, Ghent University, Ghent B-9000, Belgium
6
Fernand Braudel Center, Binghamton University—State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
7
Department of Engineering Management, University of Antwerp, Prinsstnoot 13, Antwerpen 2000, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yosef Jabareen
Received: 25 July 2015 / Revised: 27 October 2015 / Accepted: 27 October 2015 / Published: 3 November 2015
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Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to analyze Iran’s developmental plans in order to examine and compare their direction and conformity with the sustainable development theory via the compass of sustainability. The approach involves a content analysis used in line with qualitative research methodologies. The results indicated that, in the first developmental plans, there was no direct reference to sustainable development. In the second to fifth plans, the main focus was on the social, environmental, and economic dimensions of development; which were common elements seen in the policies of all the plans. An analysis of the fourth plan revealed that expressions related to sustainable development appeared more frequently, indicating a stronger emphasis on sustainable development by decision-makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; sustainability assessment; development theory; content analysis sustainable development; sustainability assessment; development theory; content analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahdei, K.N.; Pouya, M.; Taheri, F.; Azadi, H.; Van Passel, S. Sustainability Indicators of Iran’s Developmental Plans: Application of the Sustainability Compass Theory. Sustainability 2015, 7, 14647-14660.

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