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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 13222-13248; doi:10.3390/su71013222

Development of Benchmarks for Operating Costs and Resources Consumption to be Used in Healthcare Building Sustainability Assessment Methods

Territory, Environmental and Construction Research Centre (CTAC), University of Minho, Campus de Azurém, 4800-048 Guimarães, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yasuhiro Fukushima
Received: 28 July 2015 / Revised: 16 September 2015 / Accepted: 17 September 2015 / Published: 25 September 2015
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Abstract

Since the last decade of the twentieth century, the healthcare industry is paying attention to the environmental impact of their buildings and therefore new regulations, policy goals, and Building Sustainability Assessment (HBSA) methods are being developed and implemented. At the present, healthcare is one of the most regulated industries and it is also one of the largest consumers of energy per net floor area. To assess the sustainability of healthcare buildings it is necessary to establish a set of benchmarks related with their life-cycle performance. They are both essential to rate the sustainability of a project and to support designers and other stakeholders in the process of designing and operating a sustainable building, by allowing the comparison to be made between a project and the conventional and best market practices. This research is focused on the methodology to set the benchmarks for resources consumption, waste production, operation costs and potential environmental impacts related to the operational phase of healthcare buildings. It aims at contributing to the reduction of the subjectivity found in the definition of the benchmarks used in Building Sustainability Assessment (BSA) methods, and it is applied in the Portuguese context. These benchmarks will be used in the development of a Portuguese HBSA method. View Full-Text
Keywords: benchmarking; healthcare buildings; sustainability; Healthcare Buildings Sustainability Assessment (HBSA) benchmarking; healthcare buildings; sustainability; Healthcare Buildings Sustainability Assessment (HBSA)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Castro, M.F.; Mateus, R.; Serôdio, F.; Bragança, L. Development of Benchmarks for Operating Costs and Resources Consumption to be Used in Healthcare Building Sustainability Assessment Methods. Sustainability 2015, 7, 13222-13248.

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