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Sustainability 2015, 7(1), 648-667; doi:10.3390/su7010648

Geoheritage at the Equator: Selected Geosites of São Tomé Island (Cameron Line, Central Africa)

1
Department of Earth Sciences and Geosciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Coimbra (Polo II), Rua Sílvio Lima, 3030-790 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Instituto Superior de Educação e Comunicação, University of São Tomé e Príncipe and Geosciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Coimbra, Rua Padre Martinho Pinto da Rocha, No. 939, Caixa Postal No. 300, São Tomé e Príncipe, 3030-790 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 2 December 2014 / Accepted: 30 December 2014 / Published: 7 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management of Geomorphological Heritage)
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Abstract

This work presents, for the first time, an overview of the rich geodiversity outcropping in the São Tomé island, one of the two islands that make up the archipelago of São Tomé and Príncipe, the second smallest state of Africa in area. Located at the equator, in the alignment known as the “Cameroon Volcanic Line”, this archipelago represents a privileged area for the comparative study between oceanic and continental alkaline volcanism, and therefore between the subcontinental and suboceanic mantle. Ten geosites of São Tomé island were selected, described and evaluated on the basis of their geoheritage value and using a qualitative system of classification, which integrates both the meaning attributed to the objects by scientific communities and the public understanding of such meanings related to its social use. The selected geosites display different heritage values (documental, scenic, symbolic, iconographic and indicial) potentially usable for different purposes, namely scientific and educational, but mostly tourism. Geotourism can play a key role in the promotion of sustainable development in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, and the geosites here described are likely to ground a geo-itinerary on this “pearl” of the Cameron Line. View Full-Text
Keywords: geomorphological heritage; geotourism; geo-itinerary; São Tomé island; Cameroon Volcanic Line; African Alive Corridors geomorphological heritage; geotourism; geo-itinerary; São Tomé island; Cameroon Volcanic Line; African Alive Corridors
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Henriques, M.H.; Neto, K. Geoheritage at the Equator: Selected Geosites of São Tomé Island (Cameron Line, Central Africa). Sustainability 2015, 7, 648-667.

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